A music genre is a conventional category that identifies some pieces of music as belonging to a shared tradition or set of conventions. Music can be divided into different genres in many different ways.

Below are some principal genres that I summarised in the music industry.

Electronic: Electronic music is the music made by computer. The electronic music is almost the same as the contemporary music because today’s musicians are making music by digital software. Such as Cubase and FL Studio, through the synthesizer to simulate the real musical instrument timbre performance, as long as a computer can be transformed into music producer.

Rock: Originated as “Rock & Roll” in the United States, rock music has been rocking the world since the 1950s. The heavy music, with the lead vocalist’s deep growling, electric guitar tone, and extremely fast repetitious beats and heavy drums, all those create a heavy metal style with few melodies. 

Classical: The music with pure natural musical instruments, European music with orchestral music as its main expression, 1685 to 1971 is the peak period of classical music, representative figures have Beethoven, Mozart, Bach, and many others…

Jazz: Originated in the United States in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. It was born in the southern port city of New Orleans. Identified with swing and blue notes, Jazz has its roots both in the West African and European culture.

Folk songs: Originally refer to the traditional songs of each ethnic group, and the ancestors of each ethnic group have their existing songs from the ancient times. Most of these songs are not known who is the author but are transmitted orally, from one generation to another, until the present. But most of what we call folk today is folk music from the pop era, which refers to songs that are played primarily on wooden guitars and are sung in a natural and frank way that speaks to the simplicity of people’s lives.

Disco: Originally known as discotheque, began as a term for black people dancing on recordings in nightclubs. Compared with rock, it is characterized by a strong, unweighted, metronome sounding 4/4 beat, with simple lyrics and tunes.

R&B: The full name of R&B is rhythm and blues. In a broad sense, R&B can be regarded as “the black pop music”, which originated from the blues music of the black and is the basis of the current westbound pop and rock music. Billboard magazine once defined R&B as all the black music, except jazz and blues, all the others can be listed as R&B, which shows how extensive the scope of R&B is. Both hip hop and rap originated from R&B, and many R&B elements were preserved.

Pop Music: “Pop” is a term derived from “Popular” and thus Pop Music is known to be a genre of popular music. This form can include any form of music ranging from urban and dance to rock, country and Latin. Instruments highly used are electric guitars, synthesizer drums, as well as bass and one can listen to this form of music by listening to songs by Whitney Houston, Madonna, Lady Gaga and of course the “King of Pop”, Michael Jackson.

Rap: The word “rap” is a black slang, the equivalent of “talking,” comes from a poor black neighborhood in New York. It is characterized by the rapid delivery of a series of rhyming lines against a background of mechanical rhythmic sounds. One source of this form is the rapid, rhyming jargon used by radio presenters in the past to introduce records. The lyrics are humorous, funny and often satirical, and were especially popular with black people in the 1980s.

Country music: Started in the United States in the 1920s and came as a hybrid of American folk music and the blues, country music generally has simple tunes and lyrics with a basic musical structure. Country music is generally characterized by stringed instruments like the banjo, guitar, and fiddle, as well as the harmonica.

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